IMLC.ME

Generate robots.txt and sitemap.xml in Next.js

For the SEO optimization, it’s necessary to support robots.txt and sitemap so that search engineer can know your website easily. Next.js does not support robots.txt and sitemap.xml so that we need to implement by ourselves.

Server Side Render(SSR)

sitemap.xml.js

Create sitemap.xml.js under pages/ folder. And browser accesses http://<your-domain>/sitemap.xml, Next.js will route the request to sitemap.xml.js. Now you can return whatever content your want in sitemap.xml.

In my case, I ask my backend API for sitemap data.

import React, { Component } from "react";
import fetch from 'isomorphic-unfetch';

export default class SiteMap extends Component {
    static async getInitialProps({req, res}) {
        if(res) {
            const response = await fetch(`http://${req.headers['host']}/api/sitemap`);
            const text = await response.text();
            res.setHeader("Content-Type", "text/xml");
            res.write(text);
            res.end();
        }

    }
}

robots.txt

Similar with creating sitemap.xml, create robots.txt under pages folder with below content.

import React, { Component } from "react";

export default class Robots extends Component {
    static getInitialProps({ res }) {
        res.setHeader("Content-Type", "text/plain");
        res.write(`User-agent: *
Disallow:
Sitemap: https://www.imlc.me/sitemap.xml`);
        res.end();
    }
}

Static Export

If you use static export feature, thing is much much more easier. Your static assets are generated under out/ folder. So you can write a script to generate robots.txt and sitemap.xml under out/. I believe I don’t need to explain how to do that : ).

References

https://github.com/zeit/next.js/issues/751#issuecomment-526303138
next.js/examples/with-sitemap-and-robots-express-server at canary · zeit/next.js · GitHub Sitemaps - Wikipedia

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